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Bruno Ardito

 

 

Bruno Ardito

Bachelor in Health Administration
Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

 

Most Important Achievement

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Fellowship specializing in Management Studies from the National University of San Marcos.

Professional aspirations

I aspire to be an international consultant on public policy, and university professor and researcher.

 

KUSKAYA RESEARCH PROJECT
 
Understanding partner violence and alcohol use in Peru: A mixed methods assessment
 
Domestic violence (DV) is an important public health concern worldwide, mainly affecting women. It is defined as a behavior by a perpetrator (a prior or current intimate partner) with intent to physically, psychologically, or sexually harm the victim. Rates of DV in Peru are staggering- a reported 49-61% of women experience physical violence and 23-47% of women experience sexual violence at the hands of their partners. Moreover, these statistics are likely underestimates, and many cases of DV go unreported for fear of retaliation by the perpetrator.
 
The World Health Organization (WHO) identifies a bi-directional relationship between alcohol use and DV. Not only does alcohol consumption increase perpetrator violence, but victims of DV are also at an increased risk for heavy episodic drinking. In Peru, drinking levels are fairly high with 59% of men and 26% of women reporting heavy episodic drinking. Even though WHO strongly suggests treatment addressing alcohol and DV in women with alcohol use problems, few studies have looked at the efficacy of treatments targeting both alcohol use and DV in victims/perpetrators of DV.
 
Thus, the present study is a mixed methods assessment, aimed to study the intersection between alcohol use and DV in Peru, delineating their association at the national level as well as at the individual level. A quantitative component will comprehend an analysis of the relationship between DV and alcohol use over time, as well as a cross-sectional approach, using DHS national level data that is reported annually. We will examine trends in DV and alcohol use prevalence and their association at the departmental level for the 2004-2015 period. The cross-sectional analysis will use 2015 data, for being this the most recent year of the survey, to estimate the probability of DV occurring related to alcohol use at the individual level. A qualitative component will explore and compare features and reasons for alcohol-related violence, in Coastal Lima (n=20) and Sierran Cusco (n=20) in men (N=40). We will conduct semi-structured interviews and testimonies will be analyzed in search for themes.
 
We expect that the results of this study will provide valuable information for the development of feasible therapeutic strategies, that allow to target domestic violence and alcohol use in Peru.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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